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Thursday, October 1, 2015

The Mangosteen - 'Garcinia mangostana' - fam: Clusiaceae




These are Mangosteens. They were my favourite August/September (in Thailand) fruit. I can't devote enough time to them, because of other fruit, which ripens in October. What am I saying? I could eat these magnificent Mangosteens - every day!




The fruit comes from a tropical evergreen tree, believed to have originated in the Sunda Islands and the Moluccas of Indonesia. It grows mainly in Southeast Asia, and also in tropical countries such as Colombia, Sri Lanka, in the state of Kerala, in India, and in Puerto Rico and Hawaii, where the tree has been introduced.

The tree grows from 6 to 25 m (19.7 to 82.0 ft) tall. The fruit of the Mangosteen is sweet and tangy, juicy, somewhat fibrous, with fluid-filled vesicles (like the flesh of citrus fruits), with an inedible, deep reddish-purple colored rind (exocarp) when ripe. In each fruit, the fragrant edible flesh that surrounds each seed is botanically endocarp, i.e., the inner layer of the ovary. Seeds are almond-shaped and sized.

They have a thick, purplish skin, which can be removed either by cutting around the middle and opening it. Some people tear them open by twisting the fruit - but this is MESSY, due to the really dark juice content of the skin - (don't get it on your clothing). I just cut them up and gobble them up! The white, fleshy, pillows of perfection, have a flavour to drive you as crazy as me.


The Purple Mangosteen belongs to the same genus as the other, less widely known, Mangosteens, such as the Button Mangosteen (G. prainiana) or the Charichuelo (G. madruno).


Give me more! They are in my list of top fruits! Try them!


REFERENCE: - Wikipedia - Purple Mangosteen.

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