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Saturday, November 14, 2015

Abiu fruit - 'Pouteria caimito' - fam: Sapotaceae

The Abiu, Pouteria caimito, is a tropical fruit tree originated in the Amazonian region of South America. It will grow an average of 33 feet (10 m) high, but can grow as high as 116 feet (35 m), under good conditions. It's fruit-shape varies from round to oval with a point.

When ripe, it has smooth bright yellow skin, and will have one to four ovate seeds. The inside of the fruit is translucent and white. It has a creamy and jelly-like texture, and its taste is similar to the Sapodilla - ละมุด. The shape and size of the fruit is highly variable, depending on the cultivar. The better selections consistently produce large ovate fruit with glossy skin weighing upwards of 14 ounces. The flesh is somewhat pasty, although the best varieties have a creamy mousse-like texture. The flavour is rich, and is reminiscent of an egg-custard. The fruit may contain between one and six large brown seeds. The Abiu tree is part of the Sapotaceae family and is very similar in appearance to the Canistel. 1

The fruit of the Abiu tree is edible, and considered one of the best of the Sapotes due to having the sweet caramel-like taste of the Sapodilla, but with a smoother texture. It is commonly eaten out of hand and, although in Colombia those eating the fruit this way are advised to grease their lips to keep the gummy latex from sticking, this hazard can be avoided by selecting fully ripe fruits, and scooping out the flesh with a utensil. The tartness of a bit of added lime juice may enhance the flavour, especially when chilled. The melting sweet pulp of the Abiu is also used to flavour ice cream, and cut into yogurt for a light and delicious breakfast. The subtlety of the flavour limits its utility in more complex confections and salads. Abiu fruit is a significant source of calcium, phosphorus, vitamin A, and vitamin C.

REFERENCE:- 1 - Wikipedia - Pouteria campechiana


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