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Wednesday, November 18, 2015

The Clementine Orange - 'citrus × clementina' - citrus fam: Rutaceae

A Clementine, citrus × clementina, is a hybrid between a Mediterranean citrus × deliciosa and a sweet orange, so named in 1902. The exterior is a deep orange colour, with a smooth, glossy appearance. Clementines can be separated into 7 to 14 segments. Similarly to tangerines, they tend to be easy to peel. They are almost always seedless, when grown commercially (without cross-pollination), and therefore are sometimes known as seedless tangerines. The clementine is also occasionally referred to as the Moroccan clementine. They are typically juicy and sweet, with less acid than oranges. 1

Even though clementines are seedless, they lose this characteristic when they get cross-pollinated by the bees, with some other fruit. On the other hand tangerines contain seeds so any cross pollination doesn’t affect this characteristic.

The master category that these fruits fall into is Mandarin oranges or "Mandarins". Compared to oranges in general, Mandarins tend to be smaller in size, have a looser peel, and are less tart. They originated in the Far East and were originally exported through North Africa, where they were all tagged with the name "tangerine," from the city of Tangiers. However, the name "tangerine" has become less generic and is now usually applied to only one kind of Mandarin orange as stores have come to market the different cultivars - so while all tangerines are Mandarins, not all Mandarins are tangerines. 2

REFERENCE: - Wikipedia - Clementine 1 and, Eat Your Books - Sorting out Mandarin oranges - tangerines, clementines, satsumas, etc. 2


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