Thursday, November 19, 2015
The Lime Fruit - 'Hybrid fruit' - citrus fam: Rutaceae
A lime, from Arabic and French, 'lim', is a hybrid citrus fruit, which is typically round, lime green, 3–6 centimetres (1.2–2.4 in) in diameter, and containing acidic juice vesicles. There are several species of citrus trees whose fruits are called limes, including the Key lime, Citrus aurantifolia, Persian lime, Kaffir lime, and Desert Lime.
Limes are an excellent source of vitamin C, and are often used to accent the flavours of foods and beverages. They are grown year-round in tropical climates, and are usually smaller and less sour than lemons, although varieties may differ in sugar and acidic content. Plants, with fruit called "limes", have diverse genetic origins - limes do not form a monophyletic group. 1
Limes were grown on a large scale in southern Iraq, and Persia, and the fruit was first grown commercially in what is today southern Iraq - Babylonia.
To prevent scurvy during the 19th century, British sailors were issued a daily allowance of citrus, such as lemon, and later switched to lime. The use of citrus was initially a closely guarded military secret, as scurvy was a common scourge of various national navies, and the ability to remain at sea for lengthy periods, without contracting the disorder, was a huge benefit for the military. The British sailor thus acquired the nickname, "Limey", because of their use of limes.
As compared to lemons, limes contain less vitamin C, but the amount is still an excellent source, providing 35% of the Daily Value per 100 g serving. Limes are a good source of dietary fibre, and contain numerous other nutrients in small quantities. 1
REFERENCE: 1 - Wikipedia - Lime (Fruit).