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Saturday, May 6, 2017

Cashews - 'Anacardium occidentale' - fam: Anacardiaceae

"The Cashew tree, Anacardium occidentale, is a tropical evergreen tree that produces the cashew nut, and the cashew apple. It can grow as high as 14 m (46 ft), but the dwarf cashew, growing up to 6 m (20 ft), has proved more profitable, with earlier maturity and higher yields.

The cashew nut, often simply called a cashew, is widely consumed. It is eaten on its own, used in recipes, or processed into cashew cheese, or cashew butter. The shell of the cashew seed yields derivatives that can be used in many applications from lubricants to paints.

The species is originally native to northeastern Brazil. Major production of cashews occurs in Vietnam, Nigeria, India, and Ivory Coast." 1

"Cashew tree bears many, edible, pear-shaped false fruits or 'accessory fruits' called 'cashew apples'. Cashew nut which is a 'true-fruit', firmly attaching to the bottom end of cashew apple, appearing like a clapper in the bell. Botanically, this tiny, bean shaped, gray 'true fruit' is a drupe, featuring hard outer shell enclosing a single edible kernel known commercially as 'cashew nut'." 2

"Cashews are high in calories.They are rich in “heart-friendly” monounsaturated fatty acids like oleic, and palmitoleic acids. Cashew nuts are abundant sources of essential minerals, manganese, potassium, copper, iron, magnesium, zinc, and selenium which are especially concentrated in them." 2

"In traditional Mayan medicine, the leaves or bark of cashew trees can be made into a tea to treat diarrhoea." 1

REFERENCES: Wikipedia 1 Nutrition and 2


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