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Tuesday, May 9, 2017

The Lemon - 'Citrus limon' - fam: Rutaceae

The Lemon, Citrus limon, is a species of small evergreen tree in the flowering plant family Rutaceae, native to Asia. The tree's ellipsoidal yellow fruit is used for culinary, and non-culinary purposes, throughout the world, primarily for its juice, which has both culinary and cleaning uses. The pulp and rind, or zest, are also used in cooking, and baking. The juice of the lemon is about 5% to 6% citric acid, which gives a sour taste. The distinctive sour taste of lemon juice makes it a key ingredient in drinks and foods such as Lemonade, and Lemon Meringue pie. 1

The 'Eureka' grows year-round and abundantly. This is the common supermarket lemon, also known as 'Four Seasons', because of its ability to produce fruit, and flowers, together, throughout the year. This variety is also available as a plant to domestic customers. There is also a pink-fleshed Eureka lemon, with a green and yellow variegated outer skin. Other varieties include the seedless 'Bonnie Brae', the 'Femminello St. Teresa', or 'Sorrento', the Meyer, the Ponderosa, and the Australiasian 'Yen Ben' (a cultivar).1

The health benefits of lemon include treatment of throat infections, indigestion, constipation, dental problems, fever, internal bleeding, rheumatism, burns, obesity, respiratory disorders, cholera, and high blood pressure, while it also benefits your hair and skin. Known for its therapeutic property since generations, lemons help to strengthen your immune system, cleanse your stomach, and it is considered a blood purifier. Lemon juice, especially, has several health benefits associated with it. It is well known as a useful treatment for kidney stones, reducing strokes and lowering body temperature. As a refreshing drink, lemonade helps you to stay calm and cool. 2

REFERENCES: Wikipedia 1 Organic Facts 2


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