Sunday, May 14, 2017
The Mandarin Orange - 'Citrus reticulata' - fam: Rutaceae
The Mandarin Orange, Citrus reticulata, also known as the Mandarin, or Mandarine, is a small citrus tree with fruit resembling other oranges. The taste is considered less sour, as well as sweeter and stronger. A ripe mandarin is firm to slightly soft, heavy for its size, and pebbly-skinned. The peel is very thin, with very little bitter white mesocarp, so they are usually easier to peel and to split into segments. Hybrids generally have these traits, though to a lesser degree. 1
There are many varieties of mandarin, grown commercially, in Australia, incl: Imperial, Murcott, Nova, Daisy, Fremont, Hickson, Sunburst, Taylor Lee, Afourer, and Mineola. The 'dwarf' varieties are numerous, too.
Mandarins originated from southern China and, it is suggested by some, were named after the Chinese officials of the Imperial court the 'Mandarins' who used the fruit for various medicinal purposes.
Last year Australians consumed more than 70,000 tonnes of Australian mandarins throughout the season, which was grown on over 2.3 million Australian citrus trees. A single mandarin provides adults with 190% of their daily intake of Vitamin C, whereas apples provide 40% and bananas 33%. 2
REFERENCES: Wikipedia 1 Aussie Mandarins 2